By Chris Surratt
According to Dictionary.com, the definition of the word “system” is: “a set of principles or procedures according to which something is done; an organized scheme or method.”
We’re sometimes afraid of systems in the groups world because we feel community is supposed to happen organically, not through an organized scheme.
But at its core, a system is simply a way to help people know what to do next and how to do it.
If groups are our primary path to multiplying disciples, then our people need a good system to know what they are and how to do them.
There are a lot of small group systems to choose from, and there is not one system that fits all.
Every church has to do the work of discovering who their people are, what their vision and mission is, and then choosing and tweaking a system that works best within that ethos.
There is also no perfect system. Each one will have its pros and cons that need to be weighed before landed on. Here are five of the most popular groups systems and pros and cons for each one.
1. Open Groups System
An open groups system will primarily offer groups that are open to adding new people throughout the life of the groups.
Pros: Open groups give the opportunity for group members to be missional in their circles of influence. They are encouraged to invite friends and neighbors to join their groups at any time.
Open groups also give new church attenders a place to connect immediately.
Cons: It can be more difficult for groups to achieve accountability and vulnerability if there are new members constantly being added.
Also, it can be hard for new members to feel comfortable in an existing group if they don’t already have relationships there.
2. Closed Groups System
A closed groups system will primarily offer groups that are closed, after an initial sign-up period, throughout the life of the groups.
Pros: Closed groups can achieve community and accountability faster than open groups. Without the possibility of new people coming in, group members can be more open with their lives.
Cons: If closed groups stay together longer than two years without multiplying or adding new people, they can become stale and possibly toxic.
They will start having the same conversations around the same subjects and spiritual growth may be stunted as a result.
3. Missional Groups System
A missional groups system will encourage church members to gather their group from the community in which they live.
Pros: Missional groups are naturally evangelistic in form. Instead of relying on the church to fill their groups with attenders, leaders are trained to see their community as a mission field.
Some missional group leaders will move to a location specifically to form a group there.
Cons: It can be much harder to launch and maintain a missional group. The bar for leadership has to be higher because the group is truly a microcosm of the church.
Also, it’s more difficult to help new attenders join a missional group, unless they already live in a community with an existing one.
4. Discipleship Intensive Groups System
A discipleship intensive groups system primarily offers smaller gatherings of 3 or 4 same-sex groups for deeper discipleship, conversations and accountability. These groups are sometimes referred to as “D Groups.”
Pros: Larger small groups of 8-12 people are perfect for community, but not always the best for accountability and discipleship conversations. Especially if they are mixed gender.
We all need this level of community with a few others to help us go deeper in our walk with God.
Cons: Not everyone in the church is ready for this type of group. If you are reaching outsiders on the weekend, they need somewhere less intrusive to test the community waters before they dive into an intensive discipleship group.
5. Free Market Groups System
A free market groups system offers attenders the opportunity to form groups around something they are passionate about, or are already doing with a group of people.
For example, a group of men, who already get together to ride bikes on the weekends, can be a free market group.
Pros: Groups are much easier to form. People who are already doing life together can add some “God time” to help members grow spiritually through relationships.
Also, invites to join a group are more natural than asking someone to go to a home for a Bible study.
Cons: While community is easily achieved in a free market group, discipleship may not be.
A consistent Bible study will not in and of itself disciple someone, but will help group members look to the Bible for answers to life’s questions instead of just each other.
Those are five of the most popular groups systems available, but your system may eventually offer groups from different categories.
It’s most important to know why you offer the types of groups that you do, so you can cast a consistent vision for why people should lead and join them.
CHRIS SURRATT (@ChrisSurratt) is a ministry consultant and coach with more than twenty years of experience. He served on church staffs prior to becoming the discipleship and small groups specialist for Lifeway Christian Resources.
He is the author of Leading Small Groups: How to Gather, Launch, Lead, and Multiply Your Small Group, from which this is excerpted and adapted with permission from B&H Publishing Group.